English Literature


Having gone for a syllabus change along with its latest pattern for the Computer Based Test mode, UGC NTA NET asked the aspirants to have a base not only in literature but also in language especially how an aspirant of UGC NTA NET competitive exam tackles one liner questions as well the long paragraphs since it in its new syllabus has been asking questions on comprehensions and paragraphs to analyse the reading and the writing skills of the aspirants going to appear at the exam.

Therefore, I Vineet Pandey, with the experience of 8 NET, 2 JRF and 17 SET and the teaching experience in Delhi University for 3 years have just assimilated few well-read paragraphs by the lovers of English Literature and also some of the favourites of UGC NTA NET Competitive Exam which will consist of 5 series.

Kindly go through them and thank you for the love, support and the understanding that all of you have provided Vineet Pandey and showered with.


11 . And as we struck into the town and up through the—here comes a raging rush of people with torches, and an awful whooping and yelling, and banging tin pans and blowing horns; and we jumped to one side to let them go by; and as they went by I see they had the king and the duke astraddle of a rail—that is, I knew it WAS the king and the duke, though they was all over tar and feathers, and didn’t look like nothing in the world that was human—just looked like a couple of monstrous big soldier-plumes. Well, it made me sick to see it; and I was sorry for them poor pitiful rascals, it seemed like I couldn’t ever feel any hardness against them any more in the world. It was a dreadful thing to see. Human beings can be awful cruel to one another.

The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn – Mark Twain.

Explanation- One of the most shouted passages from Huckleberry Finn where Mark Twain has beautifully portrayed how humans even being the slaves of someone should not be treated inhumanly. Huck on finding out that King and Duke have become slaves of some tribes felt pitied for them even if they were the ones who had captured Jack.
Mark Twain being the father of the American Realism has brought out the callousness of slavery and the underneath dying hidden meaning of humanity and the behavioural patterns humans show to each other by saying

“Human beings can be awful cruel to one another.”

12 . In this country, our courts are thegreat leveller, and in our courts all men are created equal. I’m noidealist to believe firmly in the jury system. That is no ideal tome. It is a living, working reality. Gentlemen, a court is nobetter than each man of you sitting before me on this jury. Acourt is only as sound as the men who make it up. I am confidentthat you gentlemen will review without passion the evidence youhave heard, come to a decision, And restore this defendant to hisfamily. In the name of God, do your duty. In the name of God,believe Tom Anderson.

To Kill a Mocking Bird, Harper Lee

Explanation- The closing arguments by Atticus Finch one of the Most famous cinematic heroes of all time present before the American society the ways how “institutionalized Racism”, :”Cultural Ignorance” , “Social Inequality” and “Racial Discrimination” can be overcome once one learns how to be just.
He asks the judiciary to think and act beyond a nationality where the justice is neither denied nor delayed. The white man standing against the prejudiced society to defend the black using the innate morality of humanity makes this Southern Gothic book a well read. Atticus with his powerful speech urges the jury in the court to do their duty of God to do right. The use of the immortal Declaration of American Revolutionary Period

“All men are created equal”

brings forth the essence of the dialogue as well as the novel.

13 . “How can I live without thee, how forego Thy sweet converse, and love so dearly joined, to live again in these wild woods forlorn?
Should God create another Eve, and I Another rib afford, yet loss of thee Would never from my heart; no, no, I feel The link of nature draw me: flesh of flesh, Bone of my bone thou art, and from thy state Mine never shall be parted, bliss or woe.

However, I with thee have fixed my lot, Certain to undergo like doom; if death Consort with thee, death is to me as life; So forcible within my heart I feel The bond of nature draw me to my own, My own in thee, for what thou art is mine; Our state cannot be severed, we are one, One flesh; to lose thee were to lose myself.”

― John Milton, Paradise Lost

Explanation- The forbidden sin and the never ending repentance are very much visible in this passage where Adam and Eve are presented as the fallen creatures. The justification of God by banishing Eve from the heaven over surrounds Adam with the gloomy mood.
He keeps thinking about his alone state where he with the virtue of selfless love declares that Eve is a part of him and their destiny has been attached as the death to him with Eve would be like a life and to live without her in the heaven means to live without a body. He even goes further and anticipates whether God would be ribbing him out again yet he feels the miserable loss in the heart because their weal and woe are connected eternally and infinitely.
One of the best passages in English Literature to showcase the imperfections of humanity, Adam’s True Love and deflation of Christine doctrine.

14 . “But I like the inconveniences.”
“We don’t,” said the Controller. “We prefer to do things comfortably.”
“But I don’t want comfort. I want God, I want poetry, I want real danger, I want freedom, and I want goodness. I want sin.”
“In fact,” said Mustapha Mond, “you’re claiming the right to be unhappy.”
“All right then,” said the Savage defiantly, “I’m claiming the right to be unhappy.”
“Not to mention the right to grow old and ugly and impotent; the right to have syphilis and cancer; the right to have too little to eat; the right to be lousy; the right to live in constant apprehension of what may happen to-morrow; the right to catch typhoid; the right to be tortured by unspeakable pains of every kind.” There was a long silence.

“I claim them all,” said the Savage at last.

Brave New World, Aldous Huxley

Explanation- The well depicted passage which manifests the paradoxical mind of the savage John who having understood the conflict of choices decides to be adhered to the imperfections of life as the beauty and not something unpleasant arousing the emotions and breaking away the mechanical cord.
His acceptance of being inconvenient, being human in its all forms whether physically involved, emotionally vulnerable with the feeling of doubts that may rise some predetermined or uncertain circumstances in life- the complete influence of reading Shakespeare.
The last phrase before the long silence “I claim them all”explicates
Thatthe savage all together became a human.

15 . “It was as if that great rush of anger had washed me clean, emptied me of hope, and, gazing up at the dark sky spangled with its signs and stars, for the first time, the first, I laid my heart open to the benign indifference of the universe.
To feel it so like myself, indeed, so brotherly, made me realize that I’d been happy, and that I was happy still. For all to be accomplished, for me to feel less lonely, all that remained to hope was that on the day of my execution there should be a huge crowd of spectators and that they should greet me with howls of execration.”

― Albert Camus, TheStranger

Explanation- Who can better delineate such scene with a sense of absurdity where the main protagonist passionately waits for his demise?
Albert Camus shows his readers from the very beginning of the novel that life is meaningless and one just creates meaning out of emptiness which resides deep down in all of us.
This passage though speaks for itself so much that the philosophical question whether one dies by living or lives by dying becomes a cliché in itself. Whether to be indifferent of everything around or find the meaning within draws people to feel alienated and lost with no hope pointing out the absurdist thought that God doesn’t exist and the world one lives in is deprived of any rationality, true meaning and absolute truth.
It’s better to surrender to the purposelessness of the existence than to recreate anything out of it with a sense of purpose.